Brother Joel     (updated 7-29-2012)

  1. Two slanted parallel lines indicate “parallel structure” where you have repeated words or phrases too close to one another in a sentence or paragraph.
  2. Brackets around a phrase, sentence or paragraph indicate the section of your theme where a comment has been written near them about what you have said.
  3. “aha`” is an expression of surprise, emotion.  It does not indicate anything bad or good…just the reader’s reaction to what you have said.
  4. agr…is an abbreviation for the word “agreement” and indicates that you have made an error in agreement in person, number, tense, gender or case.
  5. clincher…is the very last sentence of your theme.
  6. development…is the term to describe your use of examples, explanations, reasons, events, etc. to tell your reader what point you are trying to get across.
  7. frag…is an abbreviation for “sentence fragment.”  You have a phrase standing alone as if it is a sentence.
  8. R.O.S.  …an abbreviation for “Run On Sentence”.  You have two or more sentences improperly connected by a comma.  You need to separate independent clauses by periods, semi-colons; colons; conjunctions; exclamation points.
  9. incoherent…This word means that you have placed an idea in your paragraph that has nothing to do with the idea you are supposed to be discussing in your theme.
  10. l.c.  …an abbreviation for “lower case”.  You have used upper case letters where you were supposed to have used lower case letters.
  11. u.c. …an abbreviation for “upper case”.  You have used lower case letters where you were supposed to have used upper case letters.
  12. …an abbreviation for punctuation. You have used an incorrect punctuation or you have omitted punctuation where you were supposed to use it.
  13. prep…an abbreviation for “preposition”.  You have ended a phrase or clause with a preposition.
  14. recap….this is an abbreviation for “recapitulation”.  It means that this material is summarizing the theme.
  15. red…an abbreviation for “redundant”.  You have used unnecessary repetition of words.
  16. ref….an abbreviation for “reference”.  You have not told the reader the antecedent of a pronoun.
  17. sl…an abbreviation for “slang”.  You have used vulgar, crude, informal or ungrammatical words in a formal setting of an English IV theme.
  18. colloq…an abbreviation for “colloquial”…an expression that is used in informal settings but is not to be used in formal writing.  Examples: "a lot of"; "kinda"; "sorta"; "I was fixin to..."
  19. spell out…this tells the writer that he has abbreviated a word that should be spelled out in formal writing situations.
  20. subjunctive…this means that you have used indicative mood expressions when, in reality, you have been in the subjunctive mood.  A common example is, “If I was” should be “If I were…”
  21. s.s….an abbreviation for “same sentence” or “single space”, whatever the case may be.  “Same sentence” means these two sentences should be combined.
  22. tense…means that you have moved from one tense to another without necessity.  Keep your theme in one tense, generally, and do not shift from present to past to future, an so on.
  23. ugh…an expression of emotion on the part of the reader and does not indicate an error of any kind.
  24. vague…a term that means what you have written is not clear in meaning to the reader
  25. w.c.?…means “word choice?”…Have you used the correct word in this instance?
  26. candid…means that what you have written is very clear to the reader.
  27. succinct…means that what you have written is clearly stated in very few words.
  28. malapropism…means that you have used the wrong word here.
  29. faulty complement…means that you have begun a noun clause with an adverbial conjunction rather than with a relative pronoun.  Common examples of faulty complements are “It was because…”; “It was when…”; “It is because…”.

     You should write…”It was that…”; “It was the time when”; “It is that…”

  1. sp…You have misspelled a word.
  2. format…You have not used the approved method of typing this part of the theme.
  3. underlines, check marks, arrows, "A","B","C", etc...just marks by the reader to indicate subtopics, important points, etc.  They do not indicate anything good or bad...