- Two slanted parallel
lines indicate “parallel structure” where you have repeated words or
phrases too close to one another in a sentence or paragraph.
- Brackets around a
phrase, sentence or paragraph indicate the section of your theme
where a comment has been written near them about what you have said.
- “aha`” is an
expression of surprise, emotion. It does not indicate anything bad or
good…just the reader’s reaction to what you have said.
- agr…is an
abbreviation for the word “agreement” and indicates that you have made
an error in agreement in person, number, tense, gender or case.
- clincher…is the
very last sentence of your theme.
the term to describe your use of examples, explanations, reasons,
events, etc. to tell your reader what point you are trying to get
- frag…is an
abbreviation for “sentence fragment.” You have a phrase standing alone
as if it is a sentence.
- R.O.S. …an
abbreviation for “Run On Sentence”. You have two or more sentences
improperly connected by a comma. You need to separate independent
clauses by periods, semi-colons; colons; conjunctions; exclamation
word means that you have placed an idea in your paragraph that has
nothing to do with the idea you are supposed to be discussing in your
- l.c. …an
abbreviation for “lower case”. You have used upper case letters where
you were supposed to have used lower case letters.
- u.c. …an
abbreviation for “upper case”. You have used lower case letters where
you were supposed to have used upper case letters.
- p …an
abbreviation for punctuation. You have used an incorrect punctuation or
you have omitted punctuation where you were supposed to use it.
- prep…an abbreviation for
“preposition”. You have ended a phrase or clause with a preposition.
- recap….this is an
abbreviation for “recapitulation”. It means that this material is
summarizing the theme.
abbreviation for “redundant”. You have used unnecessary repetition of
- ref….an abbreviation for
“reference”. You have not told the reader the antecedent of a pronoun.
abbreviation for “slang”. You have used vulgar, crude, informal or
ungrammatical words in a formal setting of an English IV theme.
abbreviation for “colloquial”…an expression that is used in informal
settings but is not to be used in formal writing. Examples: "a lot
of"; "kinda"; "sorta"; "I was fixin to..."
- spell out…this
tells the writer that he has abbreviated a word that should be spelled
out in formal writing situations.
means that you have used indicative mood expressions when, in reality,
you have been in the subjunctive mood. A common example is, “If I was”
should be “If I were…”
abbreviation for “same sentence” or “single space”, whatever the case
may be. “Same sentence” means these two sentences should be combined.
- tense…means that
you have moved from one tense to another without necessity. Keep your
theme in one tense, generally, and do not shift from present to past to
future, an so on.
- ugh…an expression
of emotion on the part of the reader and does not indicate an error of
- vague…a term that
means what you have written is not clear in meaning to the reader
- w.c.?…means “word
choice?”…Have you used the correct word in this instance?
- candid…means that
what you have written is very clear to the reader.
that what you have written is clearly stated in very few words.
that you have used the wrong word here.
- faulty complement…means
that you have begun a noun clause with an adverbial conjunction rather
than with a relative pronoun. Common examples of faulty complements are
“It was because…”; “It was when…”; “It is because…”.
You should write…”It was that…”; “It was the time when”; “It is that…”
- sp…You have
misspelled a word.
- format…You have not used the approved
method of typing this part of the theme.
- underlines, check marks, arrows, "A","B","C",
etc...just marks by the reader to indicate subtopics, important
points, etc. They do not indicate anything good or bad...